Understand Some Things About Machine Vision System

The manufacturing sector has been using the Vision System for inspection purposes at this time. Inspection of the production process is necessary to maintain high-quality standards. If you don’t know about machine vision systems, it’s a good idea to understand a few things about these machines. Let’s find out how the Vision System works.

Applications of Vision System Machines in Various Fields – As we know that many industries use Vision Systems today, such as the automotive engine industry, plastics, hardware, automotive, medical, pharmaceutical, electronics, printing, mining, metals, and many more. The major purpose of using the machine vision system is to achieve high-quality standards. Products with high quality provide many advantages for companies because they are expensive and of good quality.

Vision System Components – A Vision System is a powerful machine, as are its constituent components. These components include lenses, lighting, grip frames, thin cameras, smart cameras, smart sensors, and software systems. Processing software is tailor-made to follow your rules, and speed up your lines. All the advanced equipment aims to maintain high-quality standards.

Visual Inspection Machine Using Artificial Intelligence – This machine uses artificial intelligence to perform various functions such as taking measurements, color identification, pattern identification, pre-processing, packaged goods verification, surface scanning, etc.

Regarding product measurement, the machine vision system provides accurate results. It is very important to ensure that product measurements are accurate and precise. Accuracy is also required to identify colors. Color identification is useful for image processing with good results.

Manufactured products are produced in various types and patterns. Therefore, machine vision systems are designed to identify different shapes, features, logos and other patterns. Not only that, this intelligent machine also performs pre-processing checks and verification of packaged goods.

Pre-processing involves manipulating the captured image for better contrast and enhancement before processing, so that the operator is aware of the non-conforming parts that will be involved in the production process.

How about the verification of packaged goods? This verification aims to verify the various parts, assemblies, and packaged goods. The system scans many product features such as size, position, finish, different product shapes, etc. Through a machine vision system, you can also avoid products that are not feasible. Vision System will perform a surface scan to identify problems with the product due to contamination, cracks, scratches, etc. Scan inspection is essential if you want to achieve the best results by standards.

Centrifugal Pumps for You

Since the olden times, man has been trying to find some convenient ways of lifting water to higher levels for water supply or irrigation purposes. It is believe that the idea of lifting water, by centrifugal force, was first given by L.D Vinci (An Italian scientist and engineer) in the end of 16th century. Then this idea was put to experiments by French scientist and they designed centrifugal pump, having impeller and blades. At that time, the reciprocating pumps were very popular. Then a continuous advancement of this pump has brought it to high degree of perfection, which is used all over the world these days.

Types of Pumps

Though there are many types of pumps these days, yet the following two are important the subject point of view:

1. Centrifugal pump, and
2. Reciprocating pump.


A pump, in general, may be defined as a machine, when driven from some external source, lifts water or some other liquid from a lower level to a higher level. Or in other words, a pump may also be defined as a machine, which converts mechanical energy into pressure energy. The pump which raises water or a liquid from a lower level to a higher level by the action of centrifugal force is known as a centrifugal pump.

It will be interesting to know that the action of a centrifugal pump is that of a reserved reaction turbine. In a reaction turbine, the water at high pressure is allowed to enter the casing which gives mechanical energy at its shaft; whereas in a pump, the mechanical energy is fed into the shaft and water enters the impeller (attached to the rotating shaft) which increases the pressure energy of the outgoing fluid. The water enters the impeller radically and leaves the vanes axially.

Casings for the Impeller of a Centrifugal Pump

A centrifugal pump consists of an impeller, similar to that of a turbine, to which curved vanes are fitted. The impeller is enclosed in a water tight casing, having a delivery pipe in one of its sides. The casing for a centrifugal pump is so designed pump is so designed that kinetic a delivery pipe in one of its sides. The casing for a centrifugal pump is so designed that the kinetic energy of the water is converted into pressure energy before the water leaves the casing. This considerably increases the efficiency of the pump.

Transporting the Fluids Efficiently

Hoses are basically hollow tubes made of flexible materials like rubber, special grades of polyethylene (like LDPE and LLDPE) etc. These are generally used for transport of fluids from one place to another. They are not to confused with pipes. Pipes are made of rigid materials whereas hoses as mentioned above are flexible.

Basic factors affecting hose design

– Distance of transportation

– Pressure ratings

– Chemical compatibility with the fluid to be transported etc.

– Weight

– Choice of materials of hoses also plays a key role

There are many other chemical and physical factors which determine the designing of a hose pipe. Sometimes they are made of a mixture of materials and composites like nylon. PVC, etc. All this to enhance its strength, performance and properties.

Hydraulic hoses for example, are made of layers of material where its construction is divided into three layers.

1. Tube – It is either made of plastic or rubber depending on conditions of operation. It comes in direct contact with the fluid.

2. Reinforcement – It is kind of a skeleton which is to sustain internal and external pressures.

3. Cover – It protects the hose from wear, abrasion, harsh weather etc.


Due to their flexibility and strength they find application in various places starting right from your home to industries to fire extinguishers. Others include,

– It is sometimes used for irrigation purposes

– It is even used to transport fuels at times

– They have been included in the air brake systems in locomotives, automobiles, etc. for a long time now.

– Rubber hoses find use in homes, where they are used in gardening along with extensions like sprinklers, sprayers etc.

– Many industrial hoses also exist for heavy transportation. For example: Pharmaceutical industries do use hoses to move fluids around the plant.

– Large pressure drop sustaining hydraulic hoses are used by firefighters extensively.

Rubber hoses are very handy due to them being lightweight and having a good strength. Hoses are really cutting into everyone’s home. They can potentially be transformed into the best medium for transport of fluids with proper research and assessment.


– Even though the rubber hoses may be very convenient to use they come with a disadvantage of not being weather and high temperature resistant.

– They even are hazardous at certain places where when they are attached to sprays, they produce aerosols, which when inhaled by us are harmful.

– Even the smallest of holes in the hose may lead to leakage and quite a change in pressure drop. Also, this is very likely with hoses than the pipes due to their material of construction.

Many technologies have been associated with increasing the strength of the hoses by reinforcing them. They have developed a lot with respect to their properties over the years. This has been possible by the revolution in technology in general. All this has led to enhanced properties of the hose and giving high duty, durable and reliable source of transport of fluid in most cases.

Hoses are all in all good transporting medium and easy to use with it being less tedious too.